Jawwad Zafar

Knowledge Exchange

Personal Statement

Experienced in modelling, real-time simulations and experimentation on electrical systems, I also have good familiarity with electronics and automation due to my previous employments and education. My objective is to continue enhancing my understanding of power system operation, power electronics and electrical machines.

Since August 2013, projects worth more than £497,000/- in total have been successfully delivered for UK clients and grant funding of above £217,000/- has been secured.



Jawwad ZAFAR (jawwad.zafar@strath.ac.uk)

(Electrical Systems Engineer)




R&D Engineer

(Aug 2013 – date)

The Power Networks Demonstration Centre (PNDC) is a venture between the University of Strathclyde, Scottish Enterprise, the Scottish Funding Council, Scottish Power and Scottish and Southern Energy aimed at accelerating the adoption of novel research and technologies into the electricity industry. PNDC provides state-of-the-art facilities to its members for proof-of-concept and hardware testing http://pndc.co.uk/.


Location: Cumbernauld, Scotland


Team: Overall responsibility for individual projects and one research theme. Working alongside engineers deployed across 6 different research themes of relevance to the electricity industry





ª       Conduct individual and/or collaborative knowledge exchange projects.

ª       Identify sources of funding and contribute to securing funding for knowledge exchange.

ª       Write reports of findings for external organisations, individually or in collaboration with others.

ª       Write up findings for additional dissemination as appropriate e.g. for publication in professional or peer reviewed journals.

ª       Foster relationships with potential partners and prepare proposals for future funded projects.

ª       Contribute to research programmes in the department/school.


ª       To date projects worth more than £497,000/- in total successfully delivered for the following UK clients:

  • Alexander Dennis Ltd.: Wirelessly charged hybrid bus (Virtual Electric)
  • Scottish Power Energy Networks: Distribution network voltage regulator
  • Scottish & Southern Energy Power Distribution: 16 kVA and 300 kVA hybrid generators
  • Local Energy Scotland: Feasibility study for community energy project

ª       Funding secured through competitive process from following sources:

  • KETEP (South Korea): Flow battery energy storage system testing – £187,890/-
  • Local Energy Challenge Fund: Demonstration of Localised Grid Balancing was one of only 17 (out of 114) projects selected by a 19 member panel – £29,824/-

ª       Paper(s) published:

Distributed Energy Resources DERlab peer-reviewed journal – Second author on a paper titled "A Model-Based Analysis Method for Evaluating Grid Impact of EV and High Harmonic Content Sources"

ª       As the lead Knowledge Exchange (KE) engineer for the Power Electronics and Distributed Energy Resources (PE&DER) research theme at PNDC, developed the research roadmap in collaboration with the academics related to this theme. This will bolster the project portfolio and research program in this area.





(Jan 2012 – Jun 2013)

VeroTech is a Belgium based company with a focus on cutting-edge technologies. It fulfils the short-term needs of its customers by providing specialist knowledge in process improvement and development projects. Punch Powertrain is one of its customers, which is making inroads into the electric and hybrid vehicle transmission system. Despite the recent financial crisis, the company has seen growth in the number of projects it handles and therefore the number of consultants on its payroll.


Location: Sint-Truiden, Belgium


Team: 3 people with control and development engineering profiles


ª          Implemented a real-time simulation tool for the high-speed (13000 rpm) electric motors used in the drive-train of electric and hybrid vehicles. Due to such high speeds and multiple pole-pairs, the sampling time has to be in the order of microseconds to be able to accurately simulate the electromagnetic torque production. This FPGA based tool is used for extensive testing of Motor Control Unit (MCU) software, before it can be deployed in vehicles. It allows the study of the complete operating range and signal faults that may be too dangerous to study even on a test bench.

ª          A detailed manual was written for the implemented simulation platform describing model details, simulation settings and the compilation process.

ª          Improved the simulation speed of the offline motor simulation platform, based on Simulink and SimPowerSystem, by 3 times using the S-function method.

ª          Studied control strategies to reduce the vibration and noise of the Switched Reluctance Machine (SRM) used in electric and hybrid vehicles.

ª          Defined the charging procedure, in accordance with the IEC-61851 standard, for electric vehicles developed by Punch Powertrain. These vehicles are deployed in the Limburg area of Belgium as part of a study concerning the establishment of a smart grid. Instructive documentation was compiled with a summary of the exact requirements to comply with the standard.

PhD Researcher

(Oct 2006 – Oct 2011)

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) in Brussels, Belgium is a public sector university active in research in a variety of disciplines. The BEAMS (Bio- Electro and Mechanical Systems) group is active in the domain of Biomedical, Microtechnology, Electrical Energy and Embedded Electronics. The Electrical Energy group performs research in the area of power systems protection, electromagnetic computations for electrical machines and recently electrical drives for industrial use and power generation.


Location: Brussels, Belgium


Team: Electrical machines group of 4 persons


ª          Modelling and simulation of Wind Turbine Generator Systems (WTGS) in faultless and faulty modes to study control and fault-detection algorithms. In order to study fault-detection algorithms, fault representative models of the plant are required. Short-circuit faults in generator windings are costly and develop rapidly. It is therefore necessary to detect the fault as soon as possible and take appropriate measures.

ª          Experimental study on power-electronic converters for integration of renewable-energy sources into power grids. This work involved defining and carrying out the steps to bring the generating system from cold start upto connection to the grid. The non-ideal behaviour of converters e.g. due to signal delays and dead-time is important here for control performance to avoid large disturbance on the grid as well as the generating system. These non-idealities were ascertained and included in simulation for true correlation between simulation and reality.

ª          Complete design, installation and operation of a WTGS test bench to validate the control and fault-detection methods developed in simulations. The test bench consisted of a wound-rotor induction machine as a generator and a squirrel-cage induction motor to emulate the wind turbine. The generated power is sent to the grid via a back-to-back power-electronic converter.

ª          Project management experience gained through proposal for the funding and acquisition of materials for the WTGS test bench.

ª          Good communication skills with component suppliers.


(Jul 2000 – Aug 2004)

Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) is a public sector research organization which carries out multidisciplinary research in the area of Chemistry, Biology and Physics. It develops processes and technologies that have the potential of being commercialized. It also provides services such as quality conformity certificates, instrument calibration and testing services.

Location: Karachi, Pakistan


Team: Workshop Division (Electrical) consisting of 4 electricians and 2 technicians


ª          Designing circuits and panels for electricity distribution substations.

ª          Designing panels with electrical wiring and process-parameter control devices (temperature, pressure, flow etc.) for pilot plants developed by PCSIR.

ª          Supervision of technicians and electricians of the maintenance and electric-workshop division of the outfit.

ª          Testing of materials used in electric insulations up to 11 kV for cable manufacturers and purchasing clients following IEEE and BS standards.

ª          Calibration, testing, approval and acceptance of new laboratory equipment for electronic research.

ª          Experience in operation and installation of stand-by generators and UPS.




Linguistic Skills

ª          English Language – IELTS band 8.5 out of 9 (Band 8: Very Good User, Band 9: Expert User); tested by Cambridge University, UK.

ª          French Language  – Spoken: Fluent, Written: Intermediate

ª          Dutch Language    – Beginner

ª          Hindi Language     – Fluent


ª          PhD in Engineering Sciences             (Oct 2006 – Oct 2011)

‘Winding Short-Circuit Fault Modelling and Detection in Doubly-Fed Induction Generator based Wind Turbine Systems’ at Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.


ª          Master of Science (M.Sc.) – Electric Power Engineering          (Sep 2004 – Aug 2006)

Chalmers University of Technology (CTH), Göteborg, Sweden.

ª          Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) – Industrial Electronics          (1995 – 1999)

N.E.D. University of Engineering and Technology (NEDUET), Karachi, Pakistan.

Registration Status

MIET – Member of Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) in UK.

PE – Registered as a Professional Engineer with Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC).


1) Jim Fleming, jim.fleming@alexander-dennis.com, +44-07788947586, Project Manager – Virtual Electric Hybrid Bus Project, Alexander Dennis Ltd., Falkirk, Scotland.

2) Veronique Van de Kerckhove, vvandekerckhove@verotech.be, +32-16-39 48 42, Managing Director, VeroTech bvba, Leuven, Belgium.

3) Prof. Graeme Burt, graeme.burt@strath.ac.uk, +44-01415482990, Professor, Former Project Director – Power Networks Demonstration Centre (PNDC).



Main Skills

®     Studying electrical phenomena by developing component models and simulators

®     Experimental work on power-electronic converters and electrical machines

®     Control of power electronics and electrical machines

®     Affinity with technical specification of components (technology specialisation)

®     Technical and instructive document writing

®     Interested in adherence to and learning about relevant industrial standards

®     Clean and safe work practices



Modelling Methods Þ                       Magnetic-coupled-circuit and Park-transformation models of electrical machines, Look-Up-Table (LUT) based models for highly non-linear systems

Modelling Languages Þ                  Fault representative models of machines developed using Matlab code (used: recently)

Simulation Software Þ                    Matlab/Simulink and Matlab/SimPowerSystems (used: recently), ATP (used: 05 years ago), PSS/E and PSCAD/EMTDC (used: 06 years ago)

Simulation Hardware Þ                 dSPACE simulators for real-time Hardware-in-the-Loop (HiL) simulations (used: recently)

Control Hardware Þ                        dSPACE Rapid-Control-Prototyping (RCP) systems (used: recently), 8051 microcontroller with Assembly language (used: 12 years ago)

Control Techniques Þ                      Proportional Integral (PI) controllers, State-space model based ‘modern’ control techniques

Communication Protocols Þ         RS 232, CAN, PROFIBUS, interested in ELCOM, TASE

Data Analysis Þ                                  Fourier, Sampling and Analog Filtering

Computer Usage Þ                            Microsoft Office, Internet for information collection

Other Study Projects

ª          Modelling in PSS/E of the sub-transmission and distribution level of an actual grid to suggest the maximum amount of wind energy integration technically possible in this grid. The study was carried out for a utility company in the south of Sweden as part of the Master Thesis: ‘Integration of Wind Energy Converters into an Existing Distribution Grid’.

ª          Power system modelling for Optimal Power Flow (OPF) generation scheduling in GAMS.

ª          Load modelling to study the impact on power quality in PSCAD/EMTDC.

ª          Operation of the voltage-source converter for the Electric Dragster project.

Research Publications

ª          Zafar, J & Gyselinck, J 2010, ‘CUSUM based Fault Detection of Stator Winding Short Circuits in Doubly-Fed Induction Generator based Wind Energy Conversion Systems’, International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality (ICREPQ’10), Granada, Spain.

ª          Zafar, J, Galvez-Carrillo, MR, Gyselinck, J & Kinnaert, M 2010, ‘Comparison of Classical and State-Space Control Techniques of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator based Wind Energy Conversion Systems’, European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition (EWEC 2010) organized by European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), Warsaw, Poland.

ª          Zafar, J, Gyselinck, J 2010, ‘Effect of Winding Short-Circuit Fault Location and Control Action on Currents in a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator based Wind Energy Conversion System’, European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition (EWEC 2010) organized by European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), Warsaw, Poland. 

Jawwad Zafar

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