Initiatives to reduce non-prescription sales and dispensing of antibiotics in the Republic of Srpska: findings and implications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Initiatives to reduce non-prescription sales and dispensing of antibiotics in the Republic of Srpska : findings and implications. / Marković-Peković, Vanda; Grubiša, Nataša; Burger, Johanita; Bojanić, Ljubica; Godman, Brian.

In: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice, 17.04.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Marković-Peković, V, Grubiša, N, Burger, J, Bojanić, L & Godman, B 2017, 'Initiatives to reduce non-prescription sales and dispensing of antibiotics in the Republic of Srpska: findings and implications' Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice.

APA

Marković-Peković, V., Grubiša, N., Burger, J., Bojanić, L., & Godman, B. (2017). Initiatives to reduce non-prescription sales and dispensing of antibiotics in the Republic of Srpska: findings and implications. Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice.

Vancouver

Marković-Peković V, Grubiša N, Burger J, Bojanić L, Godman B. Initiatives to reduce non-prescription sales and dispensing of antibiotics in the Republic of Srpska: findings and implications. Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice. 2017 Apr 17.

Author

Marković-Peković, Vanda; Grubiša, Nataša; Burger, Johanita; Bojanić, Ljubica; Godman, Brian / Initiatives to reduce non-prescription sales and dispensing of antibiotics in the Republic of Srpska : findings and implications.

In: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice, 17.04.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

BibTeX - Download

@article{f8bb936441334d2d8d287c0bb97ac66d,
title = "Initiatives to reduce non-prescription sales and dispensing of antibiotics in the Republic of Srpska: findings and implications",
abstract = "Objective: Irrational use of antimicrobials is a major driver of antimicrobial resistance, exacerbated by dispensing antibiotics without a prescription. Our previous study suggested this was a problem in the Republic of Srpska despite legislation. Since then, a number of activities have been initiated. Consequently, the study aimed to ascertain whether these multiple initiatives had reduced this. Methods: Patients visiting all community pharmacies in the Republic from October 2014 to July 2015 presenting with symptoms typical of an acute, viral and mostly uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection, with results compared to the previous study. If an antibiotic was suggested, the maximum allowance was Euro 3/ pack. Findings: Self-medication with antibiotics significantly decreased from 58% to 18.5% of pharmacies. In both studies, most patients were offered over-the-counter medication. The most common reason for not dispensing an antibiotic was ‘antibiotics can be dispensed with a prescription only’. The penicillins were the most dispensed antibiotic. Fewer patients than the previous study were given instructions about antibiotic use and no discussion on their side-effects. Conclusion: Whilst encouraging that self-medication decreased significantly, 18.5% was disappointing given recent initiatives Fewer instructions about antibiotics if an antibiotic was dispensed was also disappointing. This suggests the need for even stronger enforcement of the laws as well as further training of pharmacy personnel to ensure future appropriate use of medicines.",
keywords = "antibiotics, antibiotic resistance, pharmacies, non prescription sales, Republic of Srpska",
author = "Vanda Marković-Peković and Nataša Grubiša and Johanita Burger and Ljubica Bojanić and Brian Godman",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
journal = "Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice",
issn = "2319-9644",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Initiatives to reduce non-prescription sales and dispensing of antibiotics in the Republic of Srpska

T2 - Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice

AU - Marković-Peković,Vanda

AU - Grubiša,Nataša

AU - Burger,Johanita

AU - Bojanić,Ljubica

AU - Godman,Brian

PY - 2017/4/17

Y1 - 2017/4/17

N2 - Objective: Irrational use of antimicrobials is a major driver of antimicrobial resistance, exacerbated by dispensing antibiotics without a prescription. Our previous study suggested this was a problem in the Republic of Srpska despite legislation. Since then, a number of activities have been initiated. Consequently, the study aimed to ascertain whether these multiple initiatives had reduced this. Methods: Patients visiting all community pharmacies in the Republic from October 2014 to July 2015 presenting with symptoms typical of an acute, viral and mostly uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection, with results compared to the previous study. If an antibiotic was suggested, the maximum allowance was Euro 3/ pack. Findings: Self-medication with antibiotics significantly decreased from 58% to 18.5% of pharmacies. In both studies, most patients were offered over-the-counter medication. The most common reason for not dispensing an antibiotic was ‘antibiotics can be dispensed with a prescription only’. The penicillins were the most dispensed antibiotic. Fewer patients than the previous study were given instructions about antibiotic use and no discussion on their side-effects. Conclusion: Whilst encouraging that self-medication decreased significantly, 18.5% was disappointing given recent initiatives Fewer instructions about antibiotics if an antibiotic was dispensed was also disappointing. This suggests the need for even stronger enforcement of the laws as well as further training of pharmacy personnel to ensure future appropriate use of medicines.

AB - Objective: Irrational use of antimicrobials is a major driver of antimicrobial resistance, exacerbated by dispensing antibiotics without a prescription. Our previous study suggested this was a problem in the Republic of Srpska despite legislation. Since then, a number of activities have been initiated. Consequently, the study aimed to ascertain whether these multiple initiatives had reduced this. Methods: Patients visiting all community pharmacies in the Republic from October 2014 to July 2015 presenting with symptoms typical of an acute, viral and mostly uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection, with results compared to the previous study. If an antibiotic was suggested, the maximum allowance was Euro 3/ pack. Findings: Self-medication with antibiotics significantly decreased from 58% to 18.5% of pharmacies. In both studies, most patients were offered over-the-counter medication. The most common reason for not dispensing an antibiotic was ‘antibiotics can be dispensed with a prescription only’. The penicillins were the most dispensed antibiotic. Fewer patients than the previous study were given instructions about antibiotic use and no discussion on their side-effects. Conclusion: Whilst encouraging that self-medication decreased significantly, 18.5% was disappointing given recent initiatives Fewer instructions about antibiotics if an antibiotic was dispensed was also disappointing. This suggests the need for even stronger enforcement of the laws as well as further training of pharmacy personnel to ensure future appropriate use of medicines.

KW - antibiotics

KW - antibiotic resistance

KW - pharmacies

KW - non prescription sales

KW - Republic of Srpska

UR - http://www.jrpp.net/

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice

JF - Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice

SN - 2319-9644

ER -

View graph of relations