Insights on the provision of frequency support by wind power and the impact on energy systems

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Insights on the provision of frequency support by wind power and the impact on energy systems. / Attya, A. B.; Dominguez-Garcia, J.L.

In: IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 05.10.2017.

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Harvard

Attya, AB & Dominguez-Garcia, JL 2017, 'Insights on the provision of frequency support by wind power and the impact on energy systems' IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy. DOI: 10.1109/TSTE.2017.2759503

APA

Attya, A. B., & Dominguez-Garcia, J. L. (2017). Insights on the provision of frequency support by wind power and the impact on energy systems. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy. DOI: 10.1109/TSTE.2017.2759503

Vancouver

Attya AB, Dominguez-Garcia JL. Insights on the provision of frequency support by wind power and the impact on energy systems. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy. 2017 Oct 5. Available from, DOI: 10.1109/TSTE.2017.2759503

Author

Attya, A. B.; Dominguez-Garcia, J.L. / Insights on the provision of frequency support by wind power and the impact on energy systems.

In: IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 05.10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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@article{336c8c3e183342e7bdfa75ea780f1d3c,
title = "Insights on the provision of frequency support by wind power and the impact on energy systems",
abstract = "This paper implements and compares between the key concepts to enable wind power short-term frequency support from electrical and mechanical loads perspectives. Pitch de-loading, kinetic energy extraction and wind turbine (WTG) over-speeding are investigated, where each concept is integrated as a supplementary controller to the conventional controls of WTG. Different patterns of wind speed are examined, step-change and real intermittent of high resolution. The examined aggregated synchronous area has a relatively high wind penetration with frequency support. The overall dynamic inertia of the system is assessed to analyze the impact of the integrated support methods and their key parameters. The coordination between synchronous areas and wind farms, which are interconnected through a multi-terminal high voltage direct current network (MT-HVDC) is examined. A definition of the virtual inertia of MT-HVDC grid is proposed. Results show that pitch de-loading secures support reserve most of the time, and kinetic energy extraction provides sustainable support for a short time, while accelerative de-loading could reach a compromise. The three methods are adaptable with the MT-HVDC holistic frequency support controller, with a small advantage of kinetic energy extraction on the virtual inertia of the MT-HVDC. Matlab/Simulink® is the simulation environment.",
keywords = "rotors, acceleration, torque, kinetic energy, wind power generation",
author = "Attya, {A. B.} and J.L. Dominguez-Garcia",
note = "(c) 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1109/TSTE.2017.2759503",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy",
issn = "1949-3029",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Insights on the provision of frequency support by wind power and the impact on energy systems

AU - Attya,A. B.

AU - Dominguez-Garcia,J.L.

N1 - (c) 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.

PY - 2017/10/5

Y1 - 2017/10/5

N2 - This paper implements and compares between the key concepts to enable wind power short-term frequency support from electrical and mechanical loads perspectives. Pitch de-loading, kinetic energy extraction and wind turbine (WTG) over-speeding are investigated, where each concept is integrated as a supplementary controller to the conventional controls of WTG. Different patterns of wind speed are examined, step-change and real intermittent of high resolution. The examined aggregated synchronous area has a relatively high wind penetration with frequency support. The overall dynamic inertia of the system is assessed to analyze the impact of the integrated support methods and their key parameters. The coordination between synchronous areas and wind farms, which are interconnected through a multi-terminal high voltage direct current network (MT-HVDC) is examined. A definition of the virtual inertia of MT-HVDC grid is proposed. Results show that pitch de-loading secures support reserve most of the time, and kinetic energy extraction provides sustainable support for a short time, while accelerative de-loading could reach a compromise. The three methods are adaptable with the MT-HVDC holistic frequency support controller, with a small advantage of kinetic energy extraction on the virtual inertia of the MT-HVDC. Matlab/Simulink® is the simulation environment.

AB - This paper implements and compares between the key concepts to enable wind power short-term frequency support from electrical and mechanical loads perspectives. Pitch de-loading, kinetic energy extraction and wind turbine (WTG) over-speeding are investigated, where each concept is integrated as a supplementary controller to the conventional controls of WTG. Different patterns of wind speed are examined, step-change and real intermittent of high resolution. The examined aggregated synchronous area has a relatively high wind penetration with frequency support. The overall dynamic inertia of the system is assessed to analyze the impact of the integrated support methods and their key parameters. The coordination between synchronous areas and wind farms, which are interconnected through a multi-terminal high voltage direct current network (MT-HVDC) is examined. A definition of the virtual inertia of MT-HVDC grid is proposed. Results show that pitch de-loading secures support reserve most of the time, and kinetic energy extraction provides sustainable support for a short time, while accelerative de-loading could reach a compromise. The three methods are adaptable with the MT-HVDC holistic frequency support controller, with a small advantage of kinetic energy extraction on the virtual inertia of the MT-HVDC. Matlab/Simulink® is the simulation environment.

KW - rotors

KW - acceleration

KW - torque

KW - kinetic energy

KW - wind power generation

UR - http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8059865/

U2 - 10.1109/TSTE.2017.2759503

DO - 10.1109/TSTE.2017.2759503

M3 - Article

JO - IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy

T2 - IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy

JF - IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy

SN - 1949-3029

ER -

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