Luminescence of Eu3+ in GaN(Mg, Eu): transitions from the 5D1 level

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Eu-doped GaN(Mg) exemplifies hysteretic photochromic switching between two configurations, Eu0 and Eu1(Mg), of the same photoluminescent defect. Using above bandgap excitation, we studied the temperature dependence of photoluminescence (TDPL) of transitions from the excited 5D1 level of Eu3+ for both configurations of this defect. During sample cooling, 5D17F0,1,2 transitions of Eu0 manifest themselves at temperatures below ~200 K, while those of Eu1(Mg) appear only during switching. The observed line positions verify crystal field energies of the 7F0,1,2 levels. TDPL profiles of 5D17F1 and 5D07FJ transitions of Eu0 show an onset of observable emission from the 5D1 level coincident with the previously observed, but hitherto unexplained, decrease in the intensity of its 5D07FJ emission on cooling below 200 K. Hence the 5D07FJ TDPL anomaly signals a back-up of 5D1 population due to a reduction in phonon-assisted relaxation between 5D1 and 5D0 levels at lower temperatures. We discuss this surprising result in the light of temperature-dependent transient luminescence measurements of Eu0.
Original languageEnglish
Article number241105
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number24
Early online date14 Dec 2017
StateE-pub ahead of print - 14 Dec 2017

    Research areas

  • photoluminescence, bandgap, temperature

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